Along the coasts of western Nigeria is the Gulf of Guinea and the Bight of Benin. The Niger RIver forms part of the northern and eastern border. Tropical rain forests line the coastline in parts of the region. Western Nigeria has a savannah that is broad, and the land is flat. Tall grasses and scattered trees are found in the savannah. Cities such as Ibadan and Lagos are in western Nigeria.
Ethnic Groups The Yoruba is the largest ethnic group in western Nigeria. They came to western Nigeria around 100 B.C.E., and they lived in villages. Over time some of the villages would become kingdoms, and each kingdom had its own king. About one-fifth of nigerians speak a form of Yoruba. Some Yoruba are christians or islam and they have their own traditional beliefs.
Culture Most Yoruba live in cities in western Nigeria. They live in one story houses or apartments. Some of the poor live in shacks called shantytowns which lack electricity, running water, and garbage services. Other Yoruba that do not live in the cities live in the countryside of western Nigeria. Their homes are built out of mud bricks. The roofs of the houses are made out of tin or iron, and are steeply sloped. The tin or iron roofs over hang the houses so they can provide shelter from the sun, and so that rain water can be collected in buckets to drink and use. The Yoruba sell colorful cloth and beadwork in the cities. Yoruba kings wear beaded clothes such as robes, and they wear shoes and crowns. There is beaded birds on the crowns and a beaded fringe around the crown to hid the users face. The Yoruba act in honor of their kings. Yoruba are known for their drums called DunDuns, which are shaped like an hourglass. Bronze or clay statues are made for kings who have died.
Economy The Yoruba have many jobs. Some Yoruba work in factories while others are teachers, engineers, and doctors. Farmers commute from the city back to their small family farms every day. The Yoruba women sell goods in street markets. They sell food such as yams from their farms, and others sell homemade cloth, baskets, and other goods to tourists.