Along the coast of eastern Nigeria is the Gulf of Guinea and the Bight of Biafra. The Benue River forms the border along the northern edge, the Niger RIver forms the border along the western edge, and there are swamps along the coast. The Niger Delta is in eastern Nigeria and it is the worlds largest wetland.
Ethnic Groups The Igbo is the largest ethnic group in eastern Nigeria. They live in villages around the region, and each village has a council of elders. Most people in eastern Nigeria speak the Igbo language and english. There are some Yoruba kingdoms in eastern Nigeria, but there are more Igbo kingdoms. The Igbo have 306 dialects in eastern Nigeria. Eighteen percent of Nigerians are Igbo. In 1961, the Igbo tried to break away from Nigeria and make their own country called Biafra. They never broke away but they have threatened to do so. Christian is the most common religion in eastern Nigeria.
Culture The Igbo live in mud brick houses. The houses have metal roofs and are built on stilts because of all of the swamps. They sometimes travel in paddle canoes and they have ladders attached to their houses so they can climb up and get inside. They wear colorful clothes and they have masked dancing. Masked dancing is when the people come together wearing masks, and they decorate the masks with hair, fur and other materials. The masks are secret so no one knows who is wearing which mask.
Economy Farming used to be a key money maker but since the findings of oil deposits, oil now generates a large profit. The Igbo are a political power and many of them work in the oil industry. Education is strong among the Igbo and some of them become teachers, doctors, and lawyers.